好轻松考研 考研英语 考研英语作文必备范文及译文:堵车

考研英语作文必备范文及译文:堵车

Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should:

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain its intended meaning, and then

3) give your point of view.

You should write on ANSWER SHEE

  范文:

The set of pictures present a distinguishable contrast of the role of the automobile over time: a century ago, people celebrated the invention of such rapid equipment for transportation, which could take us to wherever we want. Yet now, particularly in urban areas, the automobile is more of a trouble as its abundance results in frequent traffic jams. Drivers in the second picture even fall asleep when trapped in this “disaster”.

Traffic jams have long been a problem that preoccupies many metropolitan cities such as New York, Tokyo, and Beijing. The harm and loss they cost are incalculable. First and foremost, they waste a huge amount of people’s time passed waiting idly in their cars. Secondly, cars in traffic jams produce more exhaust that exacerbates air pollution. Most importantly, a severe traffic jam might results in the dysfunction of a whole city, which can affect residents’ life as well as businesses and industries.

In my opinion, it is an urgent task to reduce the frequency of traffic jams. The first step should be to change people’s lifestyles fundamentally so that the car is no longer part and parcel of their everyday life. Governments also need to apply attractive measures to draw citizens to adopt means of public transportation, for instance, to reduce prices and improve relevant facilities. In short, the cease of traffic jams will largely ameliorate life quality in cities.

  译文:

这一组图展示了汽车在我们的社会中曾经扮演过的两种截然不同的角色:几个世纪以前,人们在庆祝发明了一种如此快速的交通工具,有了它我们可以去任何我们想去的地方。但是现在,特别是在城市地区,汽车倒更是一种麻烦,因为数目巨大的汽车导致了频繁的堵车现象发生。第二副图中的司机在这场“灾难”中都睡着了。

堵车在很多大城市中是一个困扰人们很久的问题,比如在纽约、东京和北京。它造成的损失是无法估量的。首先,堵车使人们无聊地在车中等待,浪费了大量宝贵时间。其次,堵车时汽车产生了更多的废气,进一步加剧了空气污染。最重要的是,严重的堵车事件会导致整个城市的功能瘫痪,影响居民的正常生活和工商业的正常进行。

我认为,努力降低堵车发生的频率是我们的一项紧急任务。第一步措施就是要改变人们的生活方式,并从根本上减弱汽车在我们的生活中的重要作用。政府还要采取有效的措施来促进市民利用公共交通工具,如通过降低价格、改进相关设施等。总的来说,减少堵车可以大大改进城市中的生活质量。

  闪光词汇及词组:

celebrate: v. 庆祝,庆贺

traffic jam: 堵车

trap: v. 使受限制

incalculable : v. 不能计算的

idly: adv. 无聊地,空闲地

exhaust: n. 废气

exacerbate: v. 恶化,加剧

dysfunction: n. 机能不良,功能紊乱

part and parcel: 重要的

everyday: adj. 日常的

facility: n. 设施

ameliorate: v. 改良

  万能句型:

The set of pictures present a distinguishable contrast of…

… have long been a problem that preoccupies…

In my opinion, it is an urgent task to…

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