好轻松考研 考研英语 考研英语:如何精读一篇阅读文章?

考研英语:如何精读一篇阅读文章?

2022考研英语基础阶段重要事项之一:是精读阅读文章,掌握主要词汇及长难句分析技巧。那么,该如何精读呢?好轻松考研小编为你提供样本范例,可以参考哦~

【题目解析】

26.According to Jenny Radesky, digital products are designed to .

选B. absorb user attention

细节题,通过题干中的信息定位,模糊定位第一段,第二步精准定位,优先用“Jenny Radesky”定位到第二句,再根据题干中的其他信息进一步精确定位到“digital products are there to promote maximal engagement”,根据“to”后面的信息“promote maximal engagement”,首先通过原词复现对应选项,并没有与之对应,因此需要通过理解来对应“促进最大参与”,通过理解可以看出只有选项B“吸引使用者的注意”对应。该题中也可以通过and前后并列猜出来“suck you in”与“promote maximal engagement”相对应,一般来说如果遇到动词加介词的表达可以通过介词去猜一下意思,前面的动词可以用万能动词“整”来代替。所以,通过这个信息去对应选项也只有B选项符合。

27.Radesky’s food-testing exercise shows that mothers’ use of devices_______.

选D. reduces mother-child communication

例证题,首先模糊定位,根据上一题定位的位置往下找,定位到第二段,例证题解题首先将例子还原到到原文中,这里注意这个例子还原之后,根据原文“studied”可知,这是一个实验调查研究论据,因此需要后找结论解题,后找结论时关注人物加表达观点的表达即可,因此关注到下一句中,“she found that”就是观点的表达,因此通过“mothers who used devices during the exercise started 20 per cent fewer verbal and 39 per cent fewer nonverbal interactions with their children”,首先与选项进行对应原词复现可以对应到选项B中“children”与D

中“mother-child”,对比起来看选项D 复现更多,并且D选项中还有“communication”与原文“interaction”同义替换,而且从原文中反复出现的“fewer”可以对应到选项中的“reduce”。

28.Radesky cites the “ still face experiment ” to show_______.

选D. parents need to respond to children’s emotional needs

例证题,模糊定位到第三段,首先将题干中的例子还原到原文中,还原到三段第二句“Radesky cites the “ still face experiment” devised by developmental psychologist Ed Tronick in the 1970s.”根据例子本身“experiment”可以看出此论据属于实验调查研究论据,因此优先后找结论解题,后找结论就关注与结论相关的表达,根据紧接着下一句中“in it”说明还在实验中,因此继续找在三段四句中“says Radesky”符合人物总结观点的表达标志,因此通过此句话解题“Parents don’t have to exquisitely present at all times, but there needs to be a balance and parents need to be responsive and sensitive to a child's verbal or nonverbal expressions of an emotional need”首先对应选项,注意在本句话中“but”连词,转折说明后半句话中的信息更加重要,因此优先对应此部分的内容,选项D中出现多词复现“parents need to respond to children’s emotional needs”。

29.The oppressive ideology mentioned by Tronick requires parents to_______.

选C. ensure constant interaction with their children

细节题,模糊定位到四段,再根据题干中信息“Tronick”“the oppressive ideology”“parents” “require”定位到第四段第一句,“On the other hand, Tronick himself is concerned that the worries about kids’ use of screens are born out of an “ oppressive ideology that demands that parents should always be interacting” with their children: “ It's based on a somewhat fantasized, very white, very upper middle-class ideology that says if you're failing to expose your child to 30 , 000 words you are neglecting them.”题干中“require”与“demand”同义替换,原文较长进行最简单的划分,通过标点符号冒号将其分为两部分优选关注一下通过题干信息定位到的冒号前半句,“demands that parents should always be interacting” with their children”对应选项C“interaction with their children”原词复现,“constant”与“always”同义替换。

30.According to Tronick, kids' use of screens may_______.

选A. give their parents some free time

细节题,模糊定位到四段下半段,通过题干中的“Tronick”“kid’s use of screens”,精准定位到第四段第二句“Tronick believes that just because a child isn’t learning from the screen doesn't mean there’s no value to it particularly if it gives parents time to have a shower, do housework or simply have a break from their child.”对应选项“parents”确定选项A和B,关注A和B中其他信息“free time”和“creative”哪一个与原文相对,只有A选项中的“free time”原词复现,所以选A。

除了把做题思路要自己写出来或者心中有数外,最好可以把长难句也翻译积累一下。

【词汇】

Screen 屏幕;审查;筛查

Suck in 把某人卷入

Digital 数字的;数字显示的

Cite 引用

Oppressive 压迫的;令人苦恼的

Value 价值;用途;价值观

Engagement 参与

Disengage 分开;松开

Bleed-over 渗透

Verbal 文字的;动词的

Tension 紧张;不安

Exquisitely 精致地;异常地

Sensitive 敏感的;感觉的;体贴的

Fantasize 幻想;做白日梦

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