好轻松考研 考研英语 22考研英语易错核心词汇总,你能分辨几组?

22考研英语易错核心词汇总,你能分辨几组?

英语中很多单词只差了一个字母,或者很多单词意思相近,会迷惑大家的眼睛,这便成为考研英语常见的出题陷阱、高频考点,也是同学们容易失分的“难题”。下面好轻松考研小编为同学们整理了28组考研英语常考的核心易混词,并教各位小伙伴如何清楚地分辨它们, 甚至得心应手地运用到翻译和作文上。一起来看看,你能分辨几组?

第一组易错词

abolish,cancel,eliminate,dispose,erase,exclude,extinguish都有"取消,除掉"的意思。

abolish v.指对法律、习俗、制度的废除;完全破坏。

The government abolished the tax on alcohol.

(政府取消了酒税。)

cancel v.对预先安排的某种活动(如旅行、计划、会议等)的取消;删去(字、句)。

The meeting has been cancelled because of the flu.

(会议由于流感而取消了。)

eliminate v.指消除、淘汰已经存在但是现在不需要的东西。

The losing team was eliminated from further competition.

(失利的那个队被淘汰了,不能参加下一阶段的比赛。)

dispose v.处理,处置;表示“除掉、扔掉”时常与of连用。(这一点做题时需要注意。)

please dispose of household waste.

(请清除掉家中垃圾。)

erase v.除去,擦掉,指有意识地除去字迹、声音等。(于是有了小学的eraser)

I erased the music on the tape before recording on the tape again.

(我在往磁带上录音之前先消掉了上面的音乐。)

exclude v.排斥;排除,不包括在内,与include互为反义词。

The restaurant excludes anyone who is not properly dressed from entering.

(衣冠不整者不得进入该餐馆。)

extinguish v.熄灭,扑灭(火);使沉默,使暗淡。

Firefighters extinguished a big fire.

(消防队员扑灭了大火。)

第二组易错词

accent,tone,dialect这三个名词意思相近,容易混淆。

accent n.口音,指某一地区语言的发音特征;重音。

HespeaksEnglishwithastrongSpanishaccent.

(他讲英语带有很浓的西班牙口音。)

tone n.语气,音调,指说话人的口气或声音的高低、轻重等。

He speaks to his baby in soft tones.

(他用柔和的语调和他的婴儿说话。)

此词还常用语阅读观点态度题中:

1)The tone of the passage can best be described as——

2)Author's tone/Attitude is——

dialect n.方言,土语,地方话,指一个地区人们所使用的语言。

The residents here speak Sichuan dialect.

(这里的居民说四川方言。)

第三组易错词

accommodate,afford,furnish都有"提供"的意思。

accommodate v.提供住宿、房间;适应,迎合,迁就。

This hotel can accommodate up to 500 guests.

(这家饭店可供多达500位来宾住宿。)

The company accommodated the customer's wish and sent the delivery overnight.

(公司满足了顾客的愿望,连夜将货物发了出去。)

afford v.负担,支付;当“提供”讲时,多用于指抽象事物的提供。

We can't afford that expensive sports car.

(我们买不起那辆昂贵的跑车。)

The tall building affords a beautiful view of the ocean.

(从这幢高楼上可以看到大海的美丽景致。)

furnish v.指提供生活或某种用途所需要的东西。

Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge,and it is thinking that makes what we read ours.

(阅读为我们的思想提供了知识素材,然而正是思考才能将我们读到的内容变成我们自己的东西。)

第四组易错词

abide,adhere,conform,comply皆为"遵守"的意思。

abide v.后接by表示“遵守,同意”

I will abide by the director' decision.

(我将遵从主任的决定。)

adhere v.后接to表示“遵守”“坚持;粘附”

Car drivers must adhere to the rules of driving.

(汽车司机必须遵守驾驶规则。)

The team will adhere to the original plan.

(这团队将坚持原计划。)

conform v.后接to表示“遵守,符合”

All individuals are required to conform to the laws made by their governments.

(每个人都应该遵守政府制订的法律。)

comply v.后接with表示“遵守,服从”,用于正式的场合。

Our company complies with governmental regulations on paying taxes.

(我们公司遵守政府有关纳税的规定。)

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